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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-53

Pericardial Patch Aneurysm following Repair of Atrioventricular Septal Defect and Mitral Valve Replacement with 10-Year Follow-Up

Department of Cardiology, Institute of Heart and Vascular Diseases, Jaipur Golden Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Jagdish Chander Mohan
A51, Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 110 016
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiae.jiae_63_22

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A 26-year-old female patient who had surgical closure of the ventricular septal defect with an autologous pericardial patch and mitral valve repair for the cleft mitral valve in early childhood at age 4 and then subsequently mitral valve replacement with a bioprosthetic valve in 2011 at the age of 16 years, was found to have a large cystic mass protruding into the right ventricular inflow on echocardiography during a late routine examination in 2012. The cystic mass identified on echocardiography was shown to be an aneurysmal dilatation of the autologous pericardial patch used for the repair of the ventricular septal defect. As the third corrective surgery would have been inherently complicated with risk to the conduction system, she has been followed conservatively for the last 10 years without any significant complaints except mild dyspnea. This case illustrates that the pericardial patch aneurysm is relatively stable and surgery is rarely indicated unless the aneurysm causes mechanical compression or obstruction of the right ventricular inflow or outflow.

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