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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 53-55

An Unusual Case: Intravascular Journey of a Benign Uterine Tumor to the Heart

Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiology, RGGGH, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Venkatesan
Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiology, RGGGH, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiae.jiae_10_20

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Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare neoplasm characterized by histologically benign-looking smooth muscle cell tumor mass which grows within the intrauterine and extrauterine venous system. In this report, we present an unusual case of IVL which had originated from uterus and extended throughout the right cardiac chambers. A 36-year-old female patient came with a chief complaint of palpitation for 1-month duration. She also had a history of amenorrhea for 7 months. She had abdominal distension and doughy feeling of the abdomen. Seven months prior, ultrasound abdomen done during gynecological evaluation showed fibroid uterus. Echocardiography done showed multiple masses occupying almost all of the right atrium and moving in and out of the right ventricle. Inferior vena cava (IVC) was dilated and 90% of the IVC was filled with the mass. Cardiothoracic surgery and surgical oncology references were done. The patient was planned for simultaneous abdominal and cardiothoracic surgery. Large abdominal mass along with cardiac mass was resected along with mesentery, omentum, and abdominal lymph nodes. Histopathological and microscopic report was suggestive of leiomyoma and leiomyomatosis. Lymph node microscopy showed reactive hyperplasia.

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