• Users Online: 131
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
EXPERT DOCUMENT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-126

Indian Academy of Echocardiography Guidelines for Performance of Transesophageal Echocardiography in Adults


1 Department of Cardiology, Jupiter Hospital, Thane, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana, India
3 Department of Cardiology, Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Institute of Cardiology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Department of Cardiology, Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
6 Department of Cardiology, Metro Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nitin J Burkule
Department of Cardiology, Jupiter Hospital, E. Ex. Highway, Thane - 400 606, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiae.jiae_39_21

Rights and Permissions

Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has unique advantages over conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Compared with TTE, TEE generally provides excellent quality images, especially of the posteriorly situated cardiac structures, such as atria, pulmonary veins, mitral valve, and left atrial appendage. TEE also offers a useful alternative to TTE in patients in whom transthoracic acoustic windows are suboptimal. Furthermore, TEE is the most suited imaging modality for use in the operating rooms and cardiac catheterization labs for guiding cardiac surgical or interventional procedures. However, specific training and competence are required for performing TEE successfully, smoothly, safely and with minimum patient discomfort. This document describes the basic principles of TEE examination, including patient selection and preparation, periprocedural monitoring, and probe handling and maneuvers. Commonly recommended views and the techniques to obtain these views are described in detail, followed by evaluation of specific cardiac structures. Finally, the role of TEE in certain specific clinical settings, such as during advanced circulatory support, is also discussed.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1613    
    Printed18    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded298    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal